Section 4: Managing feelings
Section 4: Managing feelings
Monday, 01 March 2021
Being able to manage feelings is an important part of having good mental health.
This section provides activities to help young people develop their emotional vocabulary and understand and validate their feelings. It will then provide practical strategies they can use to manage more difficult feelings.
4 downloads and worksheets
5 videos and animations
2 activities and discussions
Identifying and naming feelings
This section will support young people to identify a range of feelings by extending their emotional vocabulary.
A part of maintaining good mental health is being able to connect with how we are feeling. To do this, we need to be able to identify and name what we are feeling. Marc Brackett says we have to “name it to tame it” and encourages us to be “emotion scientists”. This is where we allow ourselves to be curious about how we feel and why we are feeling the way we are.
It can be easy to confuse feelings such as worry or disappointment with something else like anger. Accurately being able to name how we are feeling is crucial to understanding and managing feelings.
In “Permission to Feel”, Marc Brackett tells us that emotional intelligence is as important as academic intelligence. It plays a key role in our physical and mental health and importantly, how we learn. By attending to our emotions we open the door to learning, healthy relationships and living fuller, richer lives.
The next two activities will help students to deepen their emotional vocabulary. It will ask them to think about how their emotions affect how they feel physically. You can then encourage young people to think about the link between emotions, physical sensations and behaviour.
Identifying and naming feelings: resources and activities
Arrange five large sheets of paper around the room titled: Angry, Sad, Worried, Happy, Content.
- Ask the group to add to each sheet of paper, different words that could also be used to describe that feeling.
- Research tells us that the greater our emotional vocabulary, the easier it is for us to connect with and understand our feelings and this is the first step to managing difficult feelings.
Use these prompt questions to encourage a class discussion: Why is it good to be able to name as many feelings as possible? How can this help to support our mental health?
This exercise helps young people to think about the physical sensations that go along with certain feelings. Helping young people to identify and name how they feel gives them an insight to their response to certain feelings. This is an important step in managing difficult feelings.
- List a range of feelings and give the young people time to label on their body map where they experience this feeling in the body.
- Ask what colours they associate with this feeling and label. Use a range of different feelings, pleasant and unpleasant.
- Ask the class to consider what these two exercises have taught them about the nature of feelings.
Cuir cúig bhileog ollmhóra timpeall an tseomra leis na teidil: Fearg, Brón, Imní, Áthas, Suaimhneas.
- Iarr orthu focail éagsúla a scríobh faoi gach teideal, a dhéanann cur síos ar an mothúchán áirithe sin.
- Dar leis an taighde, dá mhéad ár stór focal mothúchánach, is ea is éasca dúinn ceangal a dhéanamh lenár mothúchán agus iad a thuiscint. Seo é an chéad chéim chun déileáil le mothúcháin dheacra.
Úsáid na leidcheisteanna seo chun plé ranga a spreagadh: Cén fáth go bhfuil sé go maith dúinn a bheith ábalta réimse leathan mothúchán a ainmniú? Conas a chabhraíonn sé seo linn lenár meabhairshláinte?
Cabhraíonn an ghníomhaíocht seo le daoine óga a chur ag smaoineamh faoin mothú fisiciúil a théann lámh ar lámh le mothúcháin áirithe. Má tá daoine óga in ann na mothúcháin atá acu a aithint agus a ainmniú, faigheann siad léargas ar a bhfreagairt do mhothúcháin áirithe. Is céim thábhachtach é seo chun déileáil le mothúcháin dheacra.
- Déan liosta mothúchán agus tabhair am don rang iad a chur ar an áit sa chorp ina mhothaíonn siad iad.
- Cuir ceist orthu faoi na dathanna a bhaineann leis an mothúchán seo agus iarr orthu lipéad a chur orthu. Úsáid réimse mothúchán, idir shuáilceach agus dhuáilceach.
- Cuir ceist ar an rang faoi na rudaí a d’fhoghlaim siad faoi chineál na mothúchán ó na gníomhaíochtaí seo.
Íoslódáil an Mapáil choirp
Understanding and validating feelings
This section will support young people to understand the role of feelings in our lives and to see all feelings as valuable, even if they are unpleasant. Feelings teach us about who we are and what we value in life. They help us to build relationships and make connections, let us know when we need to rest or ask for help.
Understanding and validating feelings: resources and activities
1. Activity: Walking debate
This exercise seeks to open the conversation about the nature of feelings. While we recognise all feelings have a role to play in our lives, it’s important we feel able to cope when what we feel is difficult. Normalising feelings and opening conversations about the range we all experience can help to make them seem more manageable.
Read the statements below aloud. For each one, ask the class to move in relation to how much they agree or disagree with the statement. Ask for reasons for decisions and facilitate a discussion around this. Encourage a balanced discussion.
(1) You should always try to feel happy.
(2) There is no such thing as a bad feeling.
(3) Feelings are temporary.
(4) Trying to avoid your feelings is always bad.
2. Resource: The anatomy of a feeling
This exercise aims to support young people to think about why we have feelings. It helps them to break their feelings down into thoughts and physical sensations.
Ask students to label the worksheet as they relate to different feelings, both pleasant and unpleasant. For example: anger, happiness, worry, calm.
Discuss the results.
How has this exercise helped you to understand the nature of feelings a little more?
1. Gníomhaíoct: Díospóireacht siúil
Is í aidhm na gníomhaíochta seo ná comhrá a thosú faoi chineál na mothúchán. Tá a fhios againn go léir go bhfuil baint ag mothúcháin inár saolta agus tá sé tábhachtach gur féidir linn déileáil le rudaí deacra. Beimid in ann déileáil níos fearr leis na mothúcháin seo nuair a dhéantar normalú orthu agus nuair a bhíonn comhrá oscailte againn fúthu.
Léigh na ráitis thíos os ard. Ba cheart do dhaltaí bogadh timpeall an tseomra ag brath ar an aontaíonn nó an easaontaíonn siad leis an ráiteas. Iarr orthu a gcuid cúiseanna a thabhairt agus lig dóibh plé a dhéanamh faoi. Ba cheart plé cothrom a bheith ann.
(1) Ba chóir duit iarracht a dhéanamh a bheith sona an t-am ar fad.
(2) Níl a leithéid de rud ann agus drochmhothúchán.
(3) Tá mothúcháin sealadach.
(4) Is drochrud i gcónaí é a bheith ag seachaint do chuid mothúchán.
2. Acmhainn: An anatamaíocht de mhothúchán
Is é aidhm na gníomhaíochta seo ná daoine óga a spreagadh chun smaoineamh faoin bhfáth go mbíonn mothúcháin againn. Cabhraíonn sé dóibh a gcuid mothúchán a bhriseadh síos de réir smaointí agus mothú fisiciúil.
Iarr ar na daltaí an bhileog oibre a líonadh faoi mar a bhaineann siad le mothúcháin éagsúla, idir shuáilceach agus dhuáilceach, mar shampla: fearg, áthas, imní, suaimhneas.
Déan plé ar na torthaí.
Conas a chabhraigh an ghníomhaíocht seo leat chun cineál na mothúchán a thuiscint níos fearr?
Íoslódáil An anatamaíocht de mhothúchán
Strategies to manage feelings
This section will support young people to identify some helpful strategies for managing difficult feelings.
Some strategies are practical exercises, while others encourage young people to think about what might work for them. It’s OK to acknowledge that different strategies will work for different people. For example, deep breathing exercises may leave some of us feeling a little uncomfortable.
These are just some practical examples of strategies. Encourage the class to share any other ideas they might have.
Strategies to manage feelings: resources and activities
Play this animation for your class, which will guide them through the ACE technique, which is a tool for grounding when caught up with difficult thoughts or feelings.
‘A’ refers to accept how you are feeling
‘C’ refers to come back into your body
‘E’ refers to engage fully with what you are doing.
Here’s the same technique in audio format
Tips for managing feelings
Use the tips for managing feelings document to support the group to think about ways to manage feelings.
Ask them to rate from ‘least helpful’ to ‘most helpful’ and start a discussion on this.
Encourage the young person to try out activities to better manage difficult feelings, such as: exercise, relaxation, mindfulness, spending time with others.
4×4 breathing is a technique that supports us to slow our breathing. This encourages our heart rate to drop telling our body and brain it’s OK to relax. We then start to feel more calm.
Ask the class to follow the animation, encouraging them to breathe deeply from the belly.
This activity supports the class to think about things that they could try when they start to experience feelings that are difficult.
Ask the class to complete the printed card and personalise it for themselves.
You could suggest that they keep it and use it when they are feeling worried or overwhelmed.
Samantha, 24, a Jigsaw volunteer from Cork reflects on how she incorporates relaxation into her everyday routine.
Ask the class to watch the video and think is there anything here that you do already? What do you do to relax?
Suggested activity: Perhaps the class can make their own videos and share them?
5 a day for mental health
The ‘Five Ways to Wellbeing‘ report 2008 by the New Economics Foundation (NEF) outlines five things you can do daily for your mental health.
The NEF were commissioned by the UK Government to develop a set of simple but evidence-based actions on how people could improve their mental health and wellbeing. Drawing on a broad base of research from psychological to economic literature, here are their recommendations.
- Connect with others
- Be active
- Take notice
- Keep learning
After delivering the resources from this section, consider some of the following questions to help consolidate your learning.
- How did you feel before this lesson? (e.g. nervous, prepared, confident, etc.) What influenced how you were feeling in advance of this lesson? Did this have any impact on the lesson?
- What was the most successful part of this lesson, and why? What learning could you utilise in the future when delivering resources from this toolkit as part of a mental health and wellbeing lesson?
- How did you know the young people were interested and engaged during the lesson?
- Did any challenges arise during the lesson? If yes, why did they arise? How did you address the challenges you encountered and were you satisfied with how you managed the challenges? Is any further follow-up required?
- In terms of using the resources provided in the youth mental health and wellbeing toolkit, what are your next steps?
Move on to section 5: Help-seeking and being hopeful for the future
Here we provided resources to support young people to be able to identify and name their feelings. We have also provided young people with some strategies to help manage difficult feelings. Feeling able to cope is an important part of having good mental health.
The next section, Help-seeking and being hopeful for the future, will build on this. It will support young people to adopt a strengths-based perspective to deal with current and future challenges. The resources provided will also encourage them to be hopeful about the future.